HAITI - The Struggle of a Nation - Countries in Caribbean Region implementing containment policy
After two years at the helm of the Haitian Government, both President Alexandre Boniface and Prime Minister GErard Latortue have stepped down Sunday, May 14, 2006. Recruited by Washington, Canada, and France on the aftermath of the forced resignation of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide in February 2004, these two politicians faced with armed rebellion from former Haitian Soldiers and Aristide sympathizers who live in the slum of Cite Soley a seaside shanty town on the northern oustskirt of Port-au-Prince. Supported by the United Nations Blue Helmets, MINUSTHA, the Haitian Government during the 2004-2006 was criticised by Haitian Political Observers for being inept and weak. UNder Boniface and Latortue, Haiti was dubbed by AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL, and United Nations as the most unsafe country in the Western Hemisphere. Plagued by kidnappings, political violence, and banditism, Haiti became a no man's land where the rule of law was non-existent. With constant migration of Haitian Refugees seeking safe haven in other countries in the region, real or imaginary, Haiti is perceived by other countries in the region as an agent of unstability.
With an extensive demographic explosion and negative economic growth for the past two decades, Haiti is being faced with many challenges in the area of institutions building, environment, job creation, public health, education, internal and external migration. The Haitian external migration is seen by many as the most serious and critical problematic that needs to be resolved. SEveral countires in the region such as the United STates, the Bahamas, Dominican REpublic and Jamaica have instituted a policy of containment vis-a-vis Haitian Refugees and Haitian Nationals.
In Florida, the Sunshine State, it is estimated that 750,000 Haitian Nationals reside in the Southern, and Central regions; In the Bahamas, 30% of the population of this country is of Haitian descent; in Dominican Republic, the conservative estimate puts the number of Haitian descent at over 1,000,000; In Surinam the Haitian population is estimated to be at 35,000.